The Importance of Early Detection and Diagnosis in Improving Kidney Cancer Outcomes – News18

Early detection and diagnosis are important to improve the outcomes of kidney cancer

Dr Anadi Pachaury, Consultant, Surgical Oncology, Manipal Hospital, Gurugram shares the importance of early detection in kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the kidneys. It is estimated that kidney cancer accounts for around 2% to 3% of all cancers worldwide. The condition usually goes undetected in the early stages due to a lack of symptoms. By the time individuals start to see symptoms like blood in their urine, the cancer has advanced its stage, making it difficult to treat.

Early detection can increase the chances of successful treatment and survival. Early detection also leads to the prevention of the spreading of cancer to other parts of the body and enables the use of less aggressive treatments. The cost of treatment also decreases after early diagnosis because less expensive treatments are done. Early detection significantly enhances the prospects of successfully treating kidney issues. Through procedures such as Nephron Sparing Surgeries (also known as partial nephrectomy), it is possible to preserve kidney function by removing only the diseased part of the organ, thereby safeguarding overall renal health.

There are many methods through which kidney cancer can be detected, including:

  1. Imaging testsIt includes tests like ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI to identify abnormalities in the kidney. These tests can even detect tumours which are too small to cause any noticeable symptoms.
  2. Blood and urine testsAlthough there are no specific blood or urine test to determine kidney cancer, but these tests can detect any abnormalities for further investigation. For example, when certain substances are high in the blood, there are high chances of kidney dysfunction.
  3. Genetic testingIt is generally recommended to those who have a family history of kidney cancer. Identifying genetic mutations helps in early detection and closer monitoring of the condition.
  4. Regular check-upsRoutine medical check-ups also play an important role in early detection. Physicians can recommend necessary tests and screenings to check the severity of the condition.Timely and accurate diagnosis is important to develop the right and effective treatment. Diagnosis ideally includes imaging tests, biopsy, and tests to check for the stage and grade of cancer. Understanding the condition of cancer helps in selecting the treatment needed.

    Treatment options:Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer, health of the patient, and other factors. Cancer at its early stage can be treated successfully just by the surgery. Some primary surgeries include:

    • Partial nephrectomy: it is removal of the tumour and preservation of the kidney as much as possible.• Radical nephrectomy: in this entire affected kidney is removed. It is done only when tumour is large or centrally located.

    In advanced condition, treatments like targeted therapy, radiation therapy or immunotherapy are done. Targeted therapy includes drugs that particularly attack cancer cells, while immunotherapy helps boost boosting of immune system, and radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to shrink tumours or kill cancer cells.

    Early detection and diagnosis are important to improve the outcomes of kidney cancer. By early detection individuals will go through a less invasive treatment, there will be higher survival rate will increase, and the quality of life will also improve. Routine check-ups, screening tests, and awareness are important to identify the condition. As there are advancements in medical technology, it is important to detect and diagnose the condition early, as it is the cornerstone of fighting against childhood cancer.

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